Going to Congress
The panel of the Canadian Network on Humanitarian history at the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Historical Association in Regina, in May 2018, was on “Histories of Humanitarianism and (Visual) Media”. For my presentation, “‘CIDA Brings you the World! ‘Children’s Reception of Humanitarian Photographs of Children: 1980-2000”, I used the educational collection of the Canadian International Development Agency now at Carleton’s Archives and Research Collections. Listen to the podcast of the panel is HERE.
The CNHH met for a day of workshop in Regina, to share ideas, projects and local knowledge. We brought back Carleton’s Visiting Fellow Valérie Gorin to Ottawa for a week at Carleton, which included a workshop of her own work, and visits to the archives. The minutes of the meeting are HERE.
I was invited to chair the wonderful round table “So, What Will That Get You? Becoming a Historian in a Changing Job and Academic Market | Qu’est-ce que ça donne ? Devenir historien ou historienne dans un marché d’emploi en mutation pour les universitaires”, Annual Meeting of the Canadian Historical Association, University of Regina, 27 May 2018. More work will follow to update the publication.
Writing in the works
- “Conclusion”, in Greg Donaghy and David Webster, dir. “A Samaritan State” Revisited: Historical Perspectives on Canadian Foreign Aid, 1950–2016, University of Calgary Press, 2018.
- “Ten keys to make sense of traditions in the non-profit sector in Canada” Historical Context For Intersections and Innovations: Change for Canada’s Voluntary Nonprofit Sector, edited by Susan Phillips and Bob Wyatt, in preparation.
- Revue du Musée Canadien de l’histoire, Salle d’histoire canadienne, Canadian Historical Review.
- Blogs on simultaneous translation and Canadian NGOs; NGOs and Canada’s centenary; etc.
- Paper on the history of the Ethiopian Red Cross, for 2019
This year, I am glad to start supervising the following projects:
- post-doctoral project of Dr. Jill Campbell Miller on foreign aid through the lens of settler colonialism using two particular hydro-electric dams constructed during the 1950s: “the Whitehorse Rapids hydroelectric project in the Yukon Territory, a long an important fishing site and meeting place for many nations in the area. And the Umtru hydroelectric project, in Meghalaya, in an area populated primarily by the indigenous Bhoi-Khasi people, a constitutionally-defined Scheduled Tribe.”
- doctoral thesis of Helen Kennedy on Médecins sand frontières, in collaboration with Candace Sobers; and of Andriata Chironda, an oral history of the Canadian refugee regime, in collaboration with James Milner.;
- honours supervision of Kyleigh Gault, on the T4 Program in Nazi Germany;
- research assistantship of Dr. Ryan Patterson, on the Mennonite Central Committee and the history of disability;
- research assistantships of undergraduate students LuiXia Lee, on the history of Canadian nurses in China, together with Sonya Grypma; and Nicholas Leckey and Shannon Pendregast on the history of disability and technology, in collaboration with Beth Robertson.
New research projects and news from ongoing projects
The collaborative project on “Civil society and the global refugee regime: Understanding and enhancing impact through the implementation of global refugee policy” was successful (SSHRC Partnership Development Grant, 2018-2023) As the historian co-applicant, I will devise training, archiving and public history tools.
I now work with an inter-university team on “Power and humanity: contexted notions of human rights and humanitarianism in North America”. We met in Berlin at the JFK Institute in February. 2018 will bring virtual co-teaching, one workshop, etc.
The CUDRG is in full operation, with new virtual exhibitions in preparations on its transnational front on the Mennonite Central Committee, participation at Spring events such as Life Science Day and the Canadian Association of the Refugees and Forces Migrations Studies, and new panels on the history of technology and deaf and blind people; and additions to the wheelchair history of Canada.
- “Préface”, Artefact. 16ème colloque international étudiant du Département d’histoire de l’UniversitéLaval s’est tenu du 17 au 19 février 2016 à l’Université Laval, 2017, Québec, pp. 15-19.
- Book review of “Lisa Pasolli Working Mothers and the Child Care Dilemma: A History of British Columbia’s Social Policy Vancouver: UBC Press, 2015. xii, 240 pp.”, Historical Studies in Education, 29, 2 (Fall 2017), pp. 153-155.
- Seventh bulletin of the CNHH, March 2018.
14 Novembre Conférence conjointe
-Avec Martin Laberge, “Guerre mondiale: L’éthique et l’exercice du leadership du général de Gaulle (Première d’une série de conférences sur le leadership et la seconde guerre mondiale)”, Ottawa, 14 November 2017.
L’objectif de ces rencontres est de permettre aux participants de tirer des enseignements d’exemplarité, incluant le talent, l’honneur, le courage et l’altruisme, applicables à l’exercice du leadership contemporain, dans un contexte d’incertitude et d’enjeux complexes aux lourdes conséquendes humaines, éthiques et stratégiques. À cet égard, le parcours du général Charles de Gaulle, entre 1939 et 1945, révèle une série de décisions extraordinaires et peu connues. À partir de témoignages, de documents historiques et d’archives récemment découvertes, les conférenciers examinent les choix difficiles et la relation du général de Gaulle avec ses puissants adversaires au sein de l’alliance contre l’occupation.
Plusieurs décisions reconnues bien-fondées après la Guerre ont présenté, en leur temps, des défis immenses pour ce leader qui fut sous-estimé, voire souvent isolé même par ses alliés incontournables.
4-15 December Departmental Exhibition
We are delighted to invite you to the launch of an exhibition of murals by Jose Venturelli Eade. We look forward to welcoming you to an enjoyable and informative evening of discussion and reflection about the relations between Chile and Canada, and the role of art in Latin American social movements.
Jose Venturelli Eade (1924-1988) was a painter, engraver, stage designer and Italian-Chilean muralist. His work includes the mural América, I do not invoke your name in vain, which is housed in the library of the Central House of the University of Chile (1950) and the mural Chile for the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development III in 1972. After the military coup in Chile in 1973, Eade went into exile in Switzerland. He died in China in 1988, where he had served as Latin American ambassador and general secretary of the Movement for Peace for the countries of Asia, Africa and the Pacific.
One of the first Chilean refugees to arrive in Ottawa, Leonore Leon, has acquired the rights to print and display reproductions of the murals and of the stained-glass windows he made for the oldest church in Geneva during his stay there, as well as a few murals from his teacher.
Carleton will be the first venue because of how welcoming the University was to Chilean refugees at the time, and also because of the mural painted by Chilean students of Carleton in the early 1970s, which is a permanent fixture in the foyer of the Department of History.
8-10 December CUDRG Symposium
Please join us from Friday, December 8th – Sunday, December 10th for a symposium and workshop entitled “Disability | Technology | Inclusion”. This symposium seeks to draw researchers and teachers from across the university and beyond to discuss and workshop the ongoing work of Carleton University’s Disability Research Group (CUDRG).
One of our primary goals will be to begin to draft a set of best practices for the design and pedagogical uses of accessible virtual and physical exhibitions pertaining to the history of disability and technology. The symposium will begin with a broad overview of the CUDRG’s origins and its various projects to date, followed by a set of sessions in which we will discuss how to further the accessibility goals of the CUDRG, the best uses of virtual and physical exhibits within the classroom, as well as constructive ways in which we might grow and enhance these types of initiatives through multidisciplinary and cross-faculty research and pedagogical collaborations. The final day of the symposium will be dedicated to piloting and work shopping the latest exhibit episode developed by the CUDRG on disability, refugees and technology.
The Third Newsletter of the CNHH was sent out to the membership and subscribers this morning. The full text of the bulletin can be read below. This update addresses new members and news from the membership, past and future events, publications, and conferences of the Network, and the future research projects and funding.
Écoutez l’entrevue sur l’article et la notion des droits de l’enfant donnée à l’émission 3600 secondes d’histoire, le 25 février 2016 à CHYZ, la radio des étudiants de l’Université Laval ICI.
Résumé: À la fin de juin 1931, douze hommes et femmes noirs venus de trois continents se rendirent à Genève pour une Conférence sur l’enfance africaine conviée par l’Union internationale de secours aux enfants. Les antécédents, les motivations et les termes des engagements respectifs de la douzaine de sujets des colonies ainsi que plus de 200 Occidentaux sont étudiés pour découvrir des sujets débouchant sur des impasses, des ententes, des différences reconnues, et de dresser le portrait des possibilités d’action que l’universalisme de l’entre-deux-guerres a pu offrir aux sujets coloniaux. En examinant les biographies ultérieures de ces participants, cet article tente d’évaluer l’impact qu’eut le nouveau discours des droits des enfants sur les pratiques et les identités du continent africain.
“Uses of the Notion of Children’s Rights by Colonial Populations: the Conference on African Children of 1931”
Abstract: Towards the end of June 1931, twelve Black men and women from three continents came to Geneva for a Conference on African children organised by the Save the Children International Union. This study of the antecedents, the motivations and the terms of the respective commitments of this dozen of colonial subjects with more than two hundred western participants uncovers topics of agreement, deadlocks, and of acknowledgements of differences. It identifies the possibilities of actions offered by the language of universality to these Black participants and the people they represented. By examining their subsequent careers, this article also attempts at assessing the impact of the new discourse on the rights of children on practices and identities on the African continent.
Plan de l’article
- Invitations et hésitations : l’admission de « quelques rares africains »
- Les droits des enfants, idiome d’un réformisme libéral et colonial : « la délicate question de l’égalité raciale »
- Les droits des enfants à l’épreuve de la critique économique et politique des empires
- Itinéraires post-coloniaux du langage des droits des enfants : Addis Abeba, Kingston, Harlem, Londres et ailleurs
My name is Carlos Uriel Contreras Flores, and I am Professor Dominique Marshall’s Research Assistant for this summer 2015. She has named me the main administrator for the Canadian Network on Humanitarian Aid’s website. After the “Second Canadian Workshop on the History of Humanitarian Aid”, which will take place at Carleton University in Ottawa this weekend, I will be creating a new site for the network according to the ideas, suggestions and preferences of its members.
I am a Mexican undergraduate student coming from Tecnologico de Monterrey Puebla Campus, and I study International Relations. During my undergraduate studies I have won prizes for literature works, been awarded several times as the best student on my bachelor degree, and been elected president of the International Relations Student Society. I was also the president of the organizing committee of the Simposio de Asuntos Internacionales y Politica Exterior (International Affairs and Foreign Policy Symposium) a major event held in Tecnologico de Monterrey Puebla Campus in 2013. Topics regarding international cooperation, the reform of the United Nations and the fight against human trafficking were part of the event. Several academic personalities, functionaries and politicians participated as speakers. You can find articles about it (in Spanish), like this one.
One of the topics that interest me the most is how development is promoted and achieved around the world, and how the international society organizes to bring humanitarian aid to the peoples that need it the most in times of crisis and catastrophes. This is why last year I took the course “Humanitarian aid and development” at Institut d’Etudes Politiques (Sciences-Po Paris) in my exchange semester.
While I was living in Paris I heard about the program the organization Mitacs Globalink offers to undergraduate students from around the world. This consists on Research Internships in dozens of Canadian universities; each Globalink Research Intern would assist a professor on a research project for twelve weeks during summer 2015.
I saw Professor Dominique Marshall’s project being offered and due to my interests in humanitarian aid, in the role of NGO’s like Oxfam (which fights inequities around the world and promotes development) and in XX century History, I decided to apply. Some months later I was notified I had been accepted to this program.
Me and a friend promoting a campaign for a NGO that takes care of children who live in the streets
So now I am currently at Carleton University in Ottawa, and as I said before I will be managing the new website for the network, and will make contributions to the current website. If you have any particular suggestion for the website and its content do not hesitate to fill up a contact form or email me at firstname.lastname@example.org. I’m at your service.
Best wishes and enjoy what the Canadian Network on Humanitarian Aid’s website has to offer to you!
Last June, four of Bettina’s former graduate students met at the Canadian Historical Association‘s Annual meeting the time of a roundtable about her work. The oldest of them all, I spoke – in French – of the way she supervised my research in the late 1980s, and about supervision in general. Labour/Le travail published our roundtable this week. You may read our contributions here.
In addition, thanks to the tireless radio work of Sean Graham, Active History posted an audio recording of the roundtable last month, which included, at the end, Bettina’s own comments.
Some of these thoughts were about retirement, a topic about which the President of the American Historical Association, Jan Goldstein, wrote eloquently about in her October 2014 column of the AHA’s Bulletin, Perspectives on History, in generous ways that converged with Bettina’s.
Bettina is retiring shortly, and she gave a talk on her work at her university, York, last year, entitled “Twists, Turns and Tall Shoulders”
Her colleagues organized a symposium on her work last Winter, with a wonderful program. You can find the program here..
She also became a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada last year, and gave a shorter talk then.
The website is now available since July 13 at the following address: http://www.mobilityhistories.ca
We would be delighted if you could take a look at the exhibit and add your thoughts on how we can encourage interdisciplinary discussion of technology, mobility, and accessibility. Please feel free to forward this email to others who you feel would also be interested.
Our research assistant Dorothy Smith will present a poster and a talk on the project on the history of the wheelchair in Canada at the Accessibility Summit, from July 13 to July 15, 2014, at Ottawa’s Convention Centre.
Her poster will be on display for the duration.
The Wheelchair: An Artifact History of Disability in Canada
Carleton University’s virtual exhibit on wheelchair history in Canada asks the viewer to see the narratives created by medical and social models of disability as well as changes in technology, users, societal assumptions and behaviours over time. The goal is to encourage one to examine “intersectionalities” between people with disabilities, environmental, attitudinal, and technological change. As well, it seeks to while alert non-professionals to the ways disability is constructed out of impairment.
Her talk will be on July 13, at 2:45.
Session: World of Good Practices (Room: 206 + 208, level 2)
A fast paced, information packed session designed to share good practices and innovative approaches. Presenters will share their solutions to the challenges faced when creating greater accessibility and inclusion in the community, workplace, learning and living environments.
Retrofitting Cadboro Beach
Stefanie Barber (Canada)
Measure of Accessibility to Urban Infrastructure
Stephanie Gamache, Occupational Therapist, M.Sc., PH.D., Universite Laval (Canada)
Castle on a Hill: Balancing accessibility with cultural landscape and natural environments
Dorota Grudniewicz, Project Manager Landscape Architect, National Capital Commission (Canada)
The Role of the Disability Community in Creating Social Change: The AODA Experience (media presentation)
David Lepofsky, University of Toronto (Canada)
The Wheelchair: An Artifact History of Disability in Canada
Dorothy-Jane Smith, Research Assistant, Carleton University (Canada)
Best Practices for Post-Production and Emerging Forms of Described Video
Robert Pearson, Director, Accessible Media Inc. (Canada)
The Development, Testing and Refinement of the School Accessibility Tool (SAT)
Nicole Yantzi, Associate Professor, Department of Environmental Studies, Laurentian University (Canada)
A Person Centered and Social Capital Approach to Community Inclusion for People with Intellectual Disabilities
Keenan Wellar, Co-Leader and Director of Communications, LiveWorkPlay (Canada)
I am helping to supervise the research on technologies of disability in Canada. Dorothy Smith is working on the history of the wheelchair in Canada, with the help of Design engineer Adrian Chan and Social Work Professor Roy Hanes.
We would like to recognize a major partner, Dr. David Pantalony, curator of Physical Sciences and Medicine at the Canada Science and Technology Museum. His support gave us access to the core artifacts found in the exhibit
As well, we thank the Carleton Centre for Public History who is hosting the exhibit on their website DH@CWorks (http://omeka.dhcworks.ca/exhibits/show/wheelchairhistorycanada).
Thanks also to Carleton University for funding this collaborative project through the CIF.
More on Disability Studies
I wrote a short review of the work done by historians of disability and the Canadian Disability Studies Association for the Bulletin of the Canadian Historical Association of May 2013: click HERE for versions in French and in English.
Carleton is starting its new minor in Disability Studies this September. To learn more, click HERE
Dr. Kevin O’Sullivan will be a visiting scholar at Carleton University from July 8 to August 4. in Ottawa this coming July to research Canadian archives. Kevin is the architect of the rich http://nonstatehumanitarianism.com/ and the author of many studies of Irish humanitarianism. He is researching countries of the Commonwealth. (See a little more below)
We will start at 8:30 in the morning and finish at supper time. There will probably be three distinct themes to be announced, in addition to a short presentation by Kevin on the state of affairs amongst his colleagues.
This will be an occasion to exchange concerns, findings, information about archives and documents, practices and projects, along a schedule that have yet to be determined depending on who will be able to come.
Will Tait and I will coordinate the day, and help you find the day, make sure that there is food for all during the day. We do not have too much money, but do tell me if you would need assistance for your travel and accommodation. We can also direct you to some hotels and Bed and breakfasts, and Will has offered to house two graduate students.