À l’occasion du colloque des étudiants diplômés en histoire de l’Université Laval, ARTEFACT, où j’ai donné la conférence d’ouverture, le programme “3600 secondes d’histoire” a consacré une heure à l’histoire de la notion des droits des enfants. Un grand merci à l’animatrice Myriam Cyr et à la co-animatrice Hadjer Remili.
Le blog de l’émission est ICI.
Le programme du colloque est ICI.
Ma présentation s’intitulait « Aide humanitaire et monde commun : Pratiques et perceptions quotidiennes au Canada du XXe siècle ». Résumé: Au début des années 1960, la maison mère d’OXFAM envoya Lynn Ten Kate, l’une des fondatrices des fameux magasins d’articles usagers, enquêter à travers le Canada sur l’état des énergies humanitaires, en vue d’inaugurer le premier chapitre de l’ONG en dehors du Royaume-Uni. Les notes de son voyage de neuf mois, envoyées chaque mois à Oxford, dressent un portrait bariolé des attitudes de multiples communautés canadiennes vis-à-vis des pays de l’hémisphère sud. Entre parades de Noël, émissions de radio communautaires, spectacles rock et mobilisations universitaires, elle décrit avec optimisme et candeur des pratiques humanitaires quotidiennes au moment où l’avenir des organisations gouvernementales était incertain. En plus de passages de ses rapports, cette présentation inclut des extraits d’une entrevue avec Ten Kate en 2010, de même que des traces de son périple retrouvées dans les archives et les journaux. L’histoire de Ten Kate donne l’occasion de réfléchir sur les transformations profondes des aspects transnationaux de la culture politique canadienne.
Please join us on Thursday March 3, 2016 for a symposium and workshop dedicated to virtually representing the evolution of technical aids for persons who are blind or partially sighted in Canada. Bringing together scholars, educators and members of the community, our aim is to highlight critical disability studies, the history of technology and disability, education and accessibility and inclusive design. Our symposium will emphasize both the brilliant inventors and makers of technology and also focus on the users of these technologies, showcasing how people and technology move forward together in design, development, education and accessibility.
If you would like to join us from afar, please say so and we can make arrangements for a videoconference. Or, if you are only able to join us for one part of the day, please inform us in your registration message.
We look forward to seeing you!
9:00-9:30am Registration / Coffee and Breakfast Platters
9:30-10:00am Opening Remarks by Dr. Roy Hanes, School of Social Work, Carleton University
10:00-11:15am Keynote Speaker, Dr. Vanessa Warne
A Tangible History: Glass Cases, Virtual Spaces and Raised-Print Books
This presentation explores the history of blind people’s literacy by engaging the experiences of the first generation of blind readers, people whose newly acquired ability to read attracted widespread interest in the first decades of the nineteenth century. I hope to show that the history of public displays of blind people reading can offer guidance for people involved in the design of exhibits about blindness, both those that feature glass cases and those that employ virtual spaces. I’ll conclude by sharing my experience of curating Books Without Ink: Reading, Writing and Blindness 1830-1930, an accessible exhibit of artifacts currently open in Winnipeg.
Dr. Vanessa Warne is an Associate Professor of English at the University of Manitoba, where she holds a cross appointment in the Interdisciplinary Disability Studies MA Program. She is the co-curator with Sabrina Mark of the exhibit Books Without Ink: Reading, Writing and Blindness 1830-1930; she convened, with Dr. Hannah Thompson, ‘Blind Creations,’ an international conference and art event which brought together academics, artists and accessibility experts to examine relationships between visual disability, accessibility and public culture. She is the author of articles, book chapters and entries on the cultural construction of blindness and will guest edit, with Hannah Thompson, a forthcoming issue of Disability Studies Quarterly on visual disability and the arts. Her current project, supported by SSHRC, is a monograph exploring the nineteenth-century history of blindness, literature and literacy.
11:15-11:30am Coffee break
11:30-12:30pm Preview of the Online Exhibit, Dr. Beth A. Robertson
Research assistant with the Disabilities Research Group at Carleton University and sessional lecturer with the Institute of Interdisciplinary Studies at Carleton University, Dr. Robertson will present an online exhibit, revolving around a series of artifacts and technologies that will be used to present the history of persons who are blind or partially sighted in Canada, exploring the ways they have negotiated, contested and reshaped public discussions around education and accessibility.
12:30-1:30pm Light lunch
1:30-3:30pm Work-shop / Feedback on the Online Exhibit
Ideally we hope to break-out into small groups to discuss what has been presented throughout the day. Our team of researchers with the Disabilities Research Group seeks and encourages feedback from all participants in order to facilitate the most accessible online exhibit which facilitates education and emphasizes what is vital to the community.
3:30-3:45pm Closing Remarks by Dr. Dominique Marshall, Department of History, Carleton University
In Partnership with / Sponsored by:
School of Social Work, Carleton University
Department of History, Carleton University
Department of Systems and Computer Engineering, Carleton University
MacOdrum Library, Carleton University
Canadian Urban Libraries Council
Centre for Equitable Library Access
Sommaire: Ce commentaire apporte quelques nuances au survol historiographique de David Meren en diminuant la portée des lacunes identifiées. L’article attire aussi l’attention sur des études traditionnellement peu prises en compte par les grandes fresques de l’histoire des relations internationales canadiennes, mais dont les résultats devraient figurer dans la perspective plus englobante dont il esquisse les contours.
Abstract: This commentary provides nuance to David Meren’s historiographical overview, downplaying the seriousness of the gaps noted by the author. It also draws attention to authors who have received traditionally less attention in the broader area of the history of Canadian international relations, but who should be included within the more encompassing course charted by the article.
Écoutez l’entrevue sur l’article et la notion des droits de l’enfant donnée à l’émission 3600 secondes d’histoire, le 25 février 2016 à CHYZ, la radio des étudiants de l’Université Laval ICI.
Résumé: À la fin de juin 1931, douze hommes et femmes noirs venus de trois continents se rendirent à Genève pour une Conférence sur l’enfance africaine conviée par l’Union internationale de secours aux enfants. Les antécédents, les motivations et les termes des engagements respectifs de la douzaine de sujets des colonies ainsi que plus de 200 Occidentaux sont étudiés pour découvrir des sujets débouchant sur des impasses, des ententes, des différences reconnues, et de dresser le portrait des possibilités d’action que l’universalisme de l’entre-deux-guerres a pu offrir aux sujets coloniaux. En examinant les biographies ultérieures de ces participants, cet article tente d’évaluer l’impact qu’eut le nouveau discours des droits des enfants sur les pratiques et les identités du continent africain.
“Uses of the Notion of Children’s Rights by Colonial Populations: the Conference on African Children of 1931”
Abstract: Towards the end of June 1931, twelve Black men and women from three continents came to Geneva for a Conference on African children organised by the Save the Children International Union. This study of the antecedents, the motivations and the terms of the respective commitments of this dozen of colonial subjects with more than two hundred western participants uncovers topics of agreement, deadlocks, and of acknowledgements of differences. It identifies the possibilities of actions offered by the language of universality to these Black participants and the people they represented. By examining their subsequent careers, this article also attempts at assessing the impact of the new discourse on the rights of children on practices and identities on the African continent.
Plan de l’article
- Invitations et hésitations : l’admission de « quelques rares africains »
- Les droits des enfants, idiome d’un réformisme libéral et colonial : « la délicate question de l’égalité raciale »
- Les droits des enfants à l’épreuve de la critique économique et politique des empires
- Itinéraires post-coloniaux du langage des droits des enfants : Addis Abeba, Kingston, Harlem, Londres et ailleurs
My name is Carlos Uriel Contreras Flores, and I am Professor Dominique Marshall’s Research Assistant for this summer 2015. She has named me the main administrator for the Canadian Network on Humanitarian Aid’s website. After the “Second Canadian Workshop on the History of Humanitarian Aid”, which will take place at Carleton University in Ottawa this weekend, I will be creating a new site for the network according to the ideas, suggestions and preferences of its members.
I am a Mexican undergraduate student coming from Tecnologico de Monterrey Puebla Campus, and I study International Relations. During my undergraduate studies I have won prizes for literature works, been awarded several times as the best student on my bachelor degree, and been elected president of the International Relations Student Society. I was also the president of the organizing committee of the Simposio de Asuntos Internacionales y Politica Exterior (International Affairs and Foreign Policy Symposium) a major event held in Tecnologico de Monterrey Puebla Campus in 2013. Topics regarding international cooperation, the reform of the United Nations and the fight against human trafficking were part of the event. Several academic personalities, functionaries and politicians participated as speakers. You can find articles about it (in Spanish), like this one.
One of the topics that interest me the most is how development is promoted and achieved around the world, and how the international society organizes to bring humanitarian aid to the peoples that need it the most in times of crisis and catastrophes. This is why last year I took the course “Humanitarian aid and development” at Institut d’Etudes Politiques (Sciences-Po Paris) in my exchange semester.
While I was living in Paris I heard about the program the organization Mitacs Globalink offers to undergraduate students from around the world. This consists on Research Internships in dozens of Canadian universities; each Globalink Research Intern would assist a professor on a research project for twelve weeks during summer 2015.
I saw Professor Dominique Marshall’s project being offered and due to my interests in humanitarian aid, in the role of NGO’s like Oxfam (which fights inequities around the world and promotes development) and in XX century History, I decided to apply. Some months later I was notified I had been accepted to this program.
Me and a friend promoting a campaign for a NGO that takes care of children who live in the streets
So now I am currently at Carleton University in Ottawa, and as I said before I will be managing the new website for the network, and will make contributions to the current website. If you have any particular suggestion for the website and its content do not hesitate to fill up a contact form or email me at email@example.com. I’m at your service.
Best wishes and enjoy what the Canadian Network on Humanitarian Aid’s website has to offer to you!
Carleton PhD candidate Will Tait attended the conference,where he presented a paper entitled “Earning the Right to be Heard: Christian Evangelicals and Overseas Food Aid and Development, 1974-1986.” With the permission of the organisers, Will has shared many documents he brought back from this Conference. He writes: “One theme that I did find interesting coming out in the conference papers and the workshops was the legal means by which states are countering the growing influence of NGO’s. Examples were the new Russian “foreign agent” law and the Indian Government Intelligence Bureau Report of 2014. All of this made me think of Bill C-51 at home and how the intentional vagueness of such laws gives exceptional leeway in countering views deemed against the national interest, especially in resource and energy sectors. It also made me think about the power of unelected NGOs despite their lack of status as legal entities under international law as well as issues of sovereignty.”
WATCH the video recording of Jean-Marie Fardeau, Director, Human Rights Watch – France, about his engagement with NGOs. (m4v, 12 min approx). From Left to Right : Moderator: Prof. Ruchi Anand, American Graduate School in Paris; Dr. Rahel Steinbach, Programme Officer, United Nations Environment Program (UNEP); Jean-Marie Fardeau, Director, Human Rights Watch – France ; Prof. Susan Perry, American University of Paris.
LISTEN to the entire Keynote Panel (m4a, 1hr approx)
Saturday, May 30 2015 from 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM (EDT), 1125@carleton, fourth floor, HCI building, Carleton University , 1125 Colonel By Drive , Ottawa, ON K1S 5B6
Commemorative stamps for Wilfred Grenfell, British medical missionary in Newfoundland from 1892 to the 1930s, with the The Royal National Mission to Deep Sea Fishermen. See http://www.grenfell-properties.com/
Dear Canadian colleagues interested in the history of humanitarian aid, As you are in the process for making your plans for traveling to Ottawa for Congress 2015 in early June, we are pleased to announce that Carleton will host the second small workshop for Canadians interested in the matter. This will be the occasion to: – exchange our respective research, practices and collections between historians, archivists and humanitarians; – take store of the projects of our partners in Europe, thanks to the presence of Kevin O’Sullivan, from the University of Ireland in Gallway; – think about improvements to the project of the common website we put together last summer; – help prepare the collaborative research grant I am putting together for the fall on researching, collecting and teaching the history of humanitarian aid in Canada There will be refreshments and food for lunch and breaks, the possibility of small grants for the extra nights for graduate students (do write to me if you would like to apply with a possible amount). Please register for the event here.
Thanks to the coordinating work of Sarah Glassford, Will Tait and Jill-Campbell-Miller, Congress will have at least three sessions of interest for our groups:
Co-sponsored by the Canadian Association for the Study of International Development (CASID) and the Canadian Council on Migration, Ethnicity and Transnationalism / Coparrainée par l’Association canadienne d’études du développement international (ACÉDI) et par le Comité canadien sur la migration, l’éthnicité et le transnationalisme
We are looking forward to seeing you all.
The Collection Shaping the Transnational Sphere was just published out of a rich workshop organized by Davide Rodogno, Bernhard Struck and Jakob Vogel.
Here is the table of content:
Davide Rodogno, Bernhard Struck and Jakob Vogel
PART I: EXPERTS
Chapter 1. Professionalism or Proselytism? Catholic “Internationalists” in the Nineteenth Century
Chapter 2. Sanitizing the City: Transnational Work and Networks of French Sanitary Engineers, 1890s-1930s
Chapter 3. Policy Communities and Exchanges across Borders: The Case of Workplace Accidents at the Turn of the Twentieth Century
Chapter 4. The Rise of Coordinated Action for Children in War and Peace: Experts at the League of Nations, 1924-1945
PART II: NETWORKS
Chapter 5. Building a Transnational Network of Social Reform in the Nineteenth Century
Chris Leonards and Nico Randeraad
Chapter 6. The Politics of Expertise: The Association Internationale pour le Progrès des Sciences Sociales, Democratic Peace Movement and International Law Networks in Europe, 1858-1873
Chapter 7. The Road from Damascus: Transnational Jewish Philanthropic Organizations and the Jewish Mass Migration from Eastern Europe, 1840–1914
Chapter 8. From Peace Advocacy to International Relations Research: The Transformation of Transatlantic Philanthropic Networks, 1900-1930
PART III: ISSUES
Chapter 9. Transnational Cooperation and Criminal Policy. The Prison Reform Movement 1820s to 1950s
Chapter 10. International Congresses of Education and the Circulation of Pedagogical Knowledge in Western Europe, 1880-1914
Chapter 11. From Transnational Reformist Network to International Organization: The International Associations for Labour Legislation and the International Labour Organization, 1900-1930s
Chapter 12. Shaping Poland: Relief and Rehabilitation Programmes Undertaken by Foreign Organizations, 1918-1922
Davide Rodogno, Francesca Piana and Shaloma Gautier
And here is the introduction of my piece:
“As Edward Fuller was compiling the third edition of the International Handbook of Child Care and Protection in 1928, he received a note from ‘an official of one of the states’ of whom he had asked ‘questions as to “child welfare” activity’. ‘We do not know what you mean by “child welfare”’, his correspondent had replied. Yet, pondered Fuller, that state harboured ‘public and private activities for the care and protection of children’. In a text that promoted the exchange of information and the production of uniform statistics, Fuller also noted that ‘word agreement’ was urgently required.[ii] This chapter considers a network of experts and transnational advocacy groups that gathered to realize these aims. This network, which included Fuller, was created and operated by the Child Welfare Committee (CWC) of the League of Nations,[iii] an appointed body of national delegates and independent ‘assessors’ from voluntary organizations that met eleven times in Geneva, from its creation in 1924 until the interruption of the activities of the League in 1939.
Endowed with a relatively small budget, the Child Welfare Committee was entrusted with a set of universal standards that had been adopted in the year of its creation by the General Assembly of the League of Nations – the Declaration of the Rights of the Child. The committee was to establish detailed norms, conduct inquiries, organize conferences and contribute to the construction of new institutions. A corresponding and relatively small number of permanent employees of the Social Section of the Secretariat of the League of Nations were to ensure the implementation of the wishes of the committee. Child welfare was one of the six domains of the Social Section, headed, until 1931, by Dame Rachel Crowdy, a British charitable worker associated with Armenian relief and leader of the British Voluntary Aid Detachment during the First World War. Crowdy was then replaced by the Danish lawyer, diplomat and humanitarian Erik Einan Ekstrand. Only one member of the staff of the League worked solely on questions of child protection, the Belgian Andrée Colin, former secretary of the Brussels-based International Association for the Promotion of Child Welfare.[iv] The Child Welfare Committee also answered to the Fifth Committee of the General Assembly of the League, on ‘Social and General Questions’.
This chapter identifies the variety of traditions that informed the work of transnational child-welfare experts, the kind of expertise they claimed to possess, and the nature, methods and objects of concern of the institutions and networks they helped to put in place. The discussion uses the tools of a cultural history of knowledge that is attentive to the elaboration of legitimate expertise, of a history of transnationalism that considers networks as hybrid and polyvalent and of a history of state formation that considers public institutions as a variety of bodies with relative autonomy in reciprocal relations with the wider political culture.[v] The reflections in this chapter on such deep relationships between the constitution of expertise and the wider transformations of political cultures are mostly informed by the history of Canadian public life.
[i] This chapter is part of a history of child welfare diplomacy around the League of Nations’ Declaration of the Rights of the Child of 1924 and its Child Welfare Committee that is funded by the following agencies, which I thank: Social Science and Research Council of Canada, Leverhulme Trust, Institute of Historical Research and Carleton University Internal Research and Travel Grants. It has benefited from the comments of Pierre-Yves Saunier and Johannes Pullman, and from the revisions of James Braun, research assistant.
[ii] Edward Fuller (ed.), The International Handbook of Child Care and Protection (3rd edn, London 1928), vii–xii.
[iii] In 1924, the new Child Welfare Committee was paired with the Advisory Committee on the Traffic in Women and Children, which the League had absorbed in 1922; together they formed the Advisory Commission for the Protection and Welfare of Children and Young People. The national members were to work on both issues, but the assessors were nominated for only one. The name changed again in 1936 to ‘Advisory Committee on Social Questions’, now a single committee. H. Aufricht, Guide to League of Nations Publications: A Bibliographical Survey of the Work of the League, 1920–1947 (New York 1951), 200–11. The general information also comes from LONSEA: Searching the Globe though the Lenses of the League of Nations, http://www.lonsea.de/pub.
[iv] The International Association for the Promotion of Child Welfare (French title: Association internationale de protection de l’enfance [AIPE]) had been founded in 1921 to bring together members of the Belgian, French, Italian, Luxemburg and French governments and private individuals. Fuller, International Handbook, 584–85. Andrée Colin headed its office, called the Office international de la protection de l’enfance.
[v] M. Poovey, Making a Social Body: British Cultural Formation 1830–1864 (Chicago 1995); S. Gunn, History and Cultural Theory (Harlow 2006); E. Zimmermann, ‘Intellectual Elites’ in Palgrave Dictionary of Transnational History, eds A. Iriye and P.-Y. Saunier (Basingstoke 2009), 547–50; P. Abrams, Historical Sociology (near Shepton Mallet, Somerset 1982); Ann Showstack Sassoon, ‘Gramsci’ and ‘Hegemony’ and V.G. Kiernan, ‘Intellectuals’ in Dictionary of Marxist Thought, ed. T. Bottomore (Oxford 1991), 221–23, 229–31 and 258–60 respectively; D. Rodogno, B. Struck and J. Vogel, ‘Introduction’ in this volume.